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Pruning Roses in Late Winter

Pruning SmallRoses should be regularly pruned so that they retain their vigor, stay under control and produce more flowers. 

Cuts should be made 6mm ¼" above and sloping away at a 45º angle from an outward facing bud. Always use a good shape pair of secateurs, cheaper models will crush and bruise the stems.

Climbers

For newly planted roses that are being trained up a pillar or post, wind stems round and round until you reach the pergola.  Cut back the side shoots to 1 or 2 buds from the main canes. Tie any new growth down horizontally, if bare at base: Cut one of the main canes hard back to encourage new growth. 

Ramblers 

Cut out canes, which have flowered last year, and horizontally train new canes. If the rose is a number of years old, cut back side shoots on the old canes or back to where a new shoot has sprouted. 

Hybrid Tea Bush 

Prune out weak or diseased canes. Thin out and remove crossing canes. Cut remaining canes to about 20-25cm or 8"-10" to nearest bud. Vigorous varieties benefit from less hard pruning, around 45-60cm or 18-24" 

Floribundas 

Follow the same steps as with the Hybrid Tea except the main canes will be 30-35cm or 12-14". Any side shoots cut back by about two thirds or three shoots. 

Shrub or New English 

Shorten the main canes to a manageable height and side shoots to around two thirds or three to five buds. 

After pruning any rose feed with a well balance rose food such as Toprose.

Posted by Charlie Groves

Charlie is the manager at Groves Nurseries.  He is the 6th generation of C.W. Groves to run the garden centre. 

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